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The 6 Perspectives of An Effective Leader

By Dr. Sharon H. Porter | Monday, November 20, 2023 | 12:01 AM ET

Leadership is the ability to guide, inspire, and influence a group of people to achieve a common goal. It involves various skills, traits, and behaviors that contribute to effective decision-making, problem-solving, and team collaboration. Leadership is a dynamic and multifaceted concept that plays a pivotal role in shaping the success of individuals, teams, and organizations. A nuanced understanding of leadership involves recognizing that it is not a one-size-fits-all phenomenon but rather a complex interplay of various perspectives.

Leadership effectiveness refers to the ability of a leader to achieve positive outcomes and results through their actions and influence on others. Effective leadership involves a combination of skills, qualities, and behaviors that enable a leader to guide and inspire their team or organization toward a common goal. In short, leadership effectiveness requires you to always LEAD (Learn. Execute. Achieve. Develop.)

Let's take a look at six different leadership perspectives that contribute to effective leadership and foster growth in diverse environments. They are Transformational Leadership, Collaborative Leadership, Servant Leadership, Situational Leadership, Authentic Leadership, and Distributed Leadership

Transformational Leadership Perspective

Transformational leadership focuses on inspiring and motivating followers to achieve their full potential and exceed their own expectations. Leaders adopting this perspective are characterized by their charisma, vision, and ability to foster a culture of innovation. By encouraging creativity and intellectual stimulation, transformational leaders empower their teams to embrace change and navigate challenges with resilience.

Transformational leadership can have several positive effects on individuals and organizations:

  • Increased Employee Engagement: Transformational leaders foster a sense of purpose and passion among their followers, leading to increased job satisfaction and commitment.

  • Enhanced Performance: The emphasis on high expectations and encouragement of creativity often results in improved individual and team performance.

  • Innovation: The focus on intellectual stimulation and challenging the status quo can lead to a culture of innovation within the organization.

  • Adaptability: Transformational leaders can help organizations navigate change more effectively by fostering an environment where individuals are open to new ideas and flexible in their approach.

While transformational leadership has many positive aspects, it may not be suitable in all situations. Additionally, some critics argue that too much emphasis on charisma and vision may overlook the practical aspects of day-to-day management. As with any leadership style, its effectiveness can depend on the context and the individuals involved.

Collaborative Leadership Perspective

Collaborative leadership is a leadership approach that emphasizes cooperation, inclusiveness, and shared decision-making among individuals or groups. It involves harnessing the collective intelligence and expertise of a team or organization to achieve common goals and solve complex problems.

Rather than relying solely on top-down directives and hierarchical authority, collaborative leaders encourage active participation and input from team members. They foster an environment of trust, open communication, and mutual respect, where diverse perspectives and ideas are valued.

Servant Leadership Perspective

Servant leadership centers around the idea that effective leaders prioritize the needs of their team members above their own. Leaders adopting this perspective aim to serve and support their followers, fostering a collaborative and empathetic work environment. By focusing on the well-being of their team, servant leaders create a sense of unity and shared purpose.

Situational Leadership Perspective

Situational leadership recognizes that there is no one-size-fits-all approach to leadership. Instead, effective leaders adapt their style based on the specific context and the readiness of their team members. This perspective requires leaders to be flexible and responsive, adjusting their leadership approach to meet the evolving needs of the situation.

Authentic Leadership Perspective

Authentic leaders are true to themselves and their values, fostering trust and transparency within their teams. This perspective emphasizes self-awareness, genuineness, and a commitment to ethical decision-making. Authentic leaders create a culture of openness, where individuals feel comfortable expressing their ideas and concerns.

Distributed Leadership Perspective

Distributed leadership challenges the traditional hierarchical model by recognizing that leadership is not confined to a single individual. Instead, it is distributed across various levels and functions within an organization. This perspective encourages collaboration and shared responsibility, allowing diverse voices to contribute to the decision-making process.


Leadership is leadership. It does not matter the industry or organization. It is a dynamic and evolving concept that encompasses a range of perspectives, each contributing uniquely to the success of individuals and organizations. Effective leaders recognize the value of combining these perspectives based on the context and the needs of their teams. By embracing the complexity of leadership, individuals can develop a well-rounded approach that fosters growth, innovation, and resilience in the face of challenges.


Dr. Sharon H. Porter (Dr. Sharon), educator, author, publisher, and host, is the President of SHP Enterprise, the umbrella entity of Perfect Time SHP Publishing, SHP Media and Graphics, and Vision & Purpose LifeStyle Magazine and Media, LLC. She is the Executive Director and Founder of The Next In Line to Lead Aspiring Principal Leadership Academy (APLA) and The New Principal RoundTable (NPR).

Dr. Sharon is the owner and Editor-In-Chief of Vision & Purpose LifeStyle Magazine and Media. She is a founding partner and Vice-President of Media and Communications for WNM Ventures LLC. She also currently serves as an elementary school principal in Maryland.

Dr. Sharon is a graduate of Howard University, Walden University, Johns Hopkins University, National-Louis University, and Winston-Salem State University. She is a part of the 2019 Harvard University School of Education Women in Leadership Cohort.

She is a member of the Forbes Coaches Council, Vice-president of the International Association of Women (IAW)-Waldorf, MD Chapter, American Business Women's Association (ABWA), Black Girls In Media, ForbesBLK, National Association of Black Journalists, Black Speakers Network, and Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc.

She serves on the Board of Advisors for The Women of Prince George’s and Envision, Lead, Grow (ELG), Inc., and is the Immediate Past National Secretary of Black Women Education Leaders (BWEL), Inc.


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